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PARSING AND DECLINING GREEK ADJECTIVES

Logos Apostolic Greek interlinear parsing abbreviations and declinations for Greek adjectives.

Interlinear New Testament Index

ABBREVIATIONS

Adj = Adjective. The order is case, gender, number.

CASE - N = Nominative, A = Accusative, G = Genitive, D = Dative.
GENDER - M = Masculine. F = Feminine, N = Neuter.
NUMBER - S = Singular, P = Plural.

PARSING ADJECTIVE EXAMPLES

Adj-AMS = Adjective - Accusative Masculine Singular.
Adj-GFP = Adjective - Genitive Feminine Plural.
Adj-DNP = Adjective - Dative Neuter Plural.

FIRST AND SECOND DECLENSION ADJECTIVES

The vast majority of adjectives use masculine and neuter 2nd declension endings when modifying nouns of these genders, and 1st declension endings when modifying feminine nouns. Adjectives whose stems end in a consonant other than ρ (in this case θ) are declined like ἀγαθός below, which means 'good' Strong's 18.

SINGULAR


CASE
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
2nd
Masculine
ἀγαθός
ἀγαθέ
ἀγαθόν
ἀγαθοῦ
ἀγαθῷ
1st
Feminine
ἀγαθή
ἀγαθή
ἀγαθήν
ἀγαθῆς
ἀγαθῇ
2nd
Neuter
ἀγαθόν
ἀγαθόν
ἀγαθόν
ἀγαθοῦ
ἀγαθῷ

PLURAL


CASE
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
2nd
Masculine
ἀγαθοί
ἀγαθοί
ἀγαθούς
ἀγαθῶν
ἀγαθοῖς
1st
Feminine
ἀγαθαί
ἀγαθαί
ἀγαθάς
ἀγαθῶν
ἀγαθαῖς
2nd
Neuter
ἀγαθά
ἀγαθά
ἀγαθά
ἀγαθῶν
ἀγαθοῖς

Adjectives whose stem ends in a vowel or ρ (in this case ι) are declined like ἅγιος below which means 'holy' Strong's 40.

SINGULAR


CASE
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
2nd
Masculine
ἅγιος
ἅγιε
ἅγιον
ἁγίου
ἁγίῳ
1st
Feminine
ἅγια
ἅγια
ἁγίαν
ἁγίας
ἁγίᾳ
2nd
Neuter
ἅγιον
ἅγιον
ἅγιον
ἁγίου
ἁγίῳ

PLURAL


CASE
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
2nd
Masculine
ἅγιοι
ἅγιοι
ἁγίους
ἁγίων
ἁγίοις
1st
Feminine
ἅγιαι
ἅγιαι
ἁγίας
ἁγίων
ἁγίαις
2nd
Neuter
ἅγια
ἅγια
ἅγια
ἁγίων
ἁγίοις

OTHER ADJECTIVES FOLLOWING the 1st and 2nd DECLENSION ADJECTIVES

1
18 (102x) ἀγαθός -ή -όν good.
27 (62x) ἀγαπητός -ή -όν beloved, dear.
39+40 (140x) ἅγιος -α -ον holy.
149+150 (4x) αἰσχρός -ά -όν shameful, disgraceful.
158+159 (5x) αἴτιος -α -ον a cause, a causer.
243 (160x) ἄλλος -η -ον other.
297 (14x) ἀμφότερος -α -ον both.
514 (41x) ἄξιος -α -ον worthy.
701 (4x) ἄρεστος -ή -όν pleasing.
1169 (3x) δειλός -ή -όν fearful.
2
1212 (4x) δῆλος -η -ον plain, manifest, evident.
1342 (81x) δίκαιος -α -ον just, righteous.
1415 (35x) δυνατός -ή -όν able, possible, powerful.
1538 (83x) ἕκαστος -η -ον each, every.
1727 (8x) ἐναντίος -α -ον opposite.
2078 (54x) ἔσχατος -η -ον last, latest.
2087 (99x) ἕτερος -α -ον other, another.
2190 (32x) ἐχθρός -ά -όν hated, hostile.
2304 (3x) θεῖος -α -ον divine.
2398 (113x) ἴδιος -α -ον one’s own, private.
3
2413 (2x) ἱερός -ά -όν holy, sacred.
2425 (41x) ἱκανός -ή -όν sufficient, much, worthy.
2470 (8x) ἴσος -η -ον equal to, like.
2478 (27x) ἰσχυρός -ά -όν strong, mighty.
2537 (44x) καινός -ή -όν new.
2556 (51x) κακός -ή -όν evil, bad.
2570 (102x) καλός -ή -όν beautiful, good.
2839 (12x) κοινός -ή -όν common, defiled, unclean.
2986 (9x) λαμπρός -ά -όν bright, brilliant.
3062+3063 (55x) λοιπός -ή -όν remaining, rest, from now on.
4
3117 (5x) μακρός -ά -όν far, distant, remote.
3173 (195x) μέγας, μεγάλη, μέγα great, loud, large.
3319 (61x) μέσος -η -ον middle, midst.
3398 (30x) μικρός -ά -όν small, little, short.
3441 (47x) μόνος -η -ον alone, only.
3501 (24x) νέος -α -ον young, new.
3609 (3x) οἰκεῖος -α -ον household, own house.
3641 (43x) ὀλίγος -η -ον few, little, small.
3650 (112x) ὅλος -η -ον all, whole.
3664 (47x) ὅμοιος -α -ον like, similar.
5
3717 (2x) ὀρθός -ή -όν straight, upright.
3820 (19x) παλαιός -ά -όν old.
4103 (67x) πιστός -ή -όν wise.
4183 (365x) πολύς, πολλή, πολύ much, many, great.
4190 (76x) πονηρός -ά -όν evil, wicked.
4387+4387 (11x) πρότερος -α -ον before, earlier.
4434 (34x) πτωχός -ή -όν poor.
4680 (22x) σοφός -ή -όν wise.
5093 (14x) τίμιος -α -ον precious, costly.
5185 (53x) τυφλός -ή -όν blind.
6
5305+5306 (13x) ὕστερος -α -ον following, next, later.
5318 (21x) φανερός -ά -όν clear, manifest, evident.
5384 (29x) φίλος -η -ον friend, beloved, dear.
5467 (2x) χαλεπός -ή -όν difficult, fierce.
5539 (1x) χρήσιμος -η -ον useful, profitable.
5552 (15x) χρύσεος -η -ον of gold, golden.
κρείττων

COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES

A COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVE refers to MORE of the quality or quantity of the adjective, and it must also match the noun or pronoun in case, gender, and number. For example: taller, shorter, bigger, smaller, stronger, and weaker, are all comparative adjectives.

COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVE ABBREVIATIONS

N = noun, Adj = Adjective, CAdj = Comparative adjective. The order is case, gender, number.

CASE - N = Nominative, A = Accusative, G = Genitive, D = Dative.
GENDER - M = Masculine. F = Feminine, N = Neuter.
NUMBER - S = Singular, P = Plural.

PARSING COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES

CAdj-NMS = Comparative Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
CAdj-GFS = Comparative Adjective - Genitive Feminine Singular
CAdj-ANP = Comparative Adjective - Accusative Neuter Plural

1
253 (1x) ἀλυπότερος having less sorrow or pain, Philippians 2:28.
927 (1x) βαρύτερος -α -ον heavier, very precious, Matthew 26:7. Comparative of βαρύς -εῖα -ύ heavy.
2909 (19x) κρείττων, κρείσσων better. Comparative of ἀγαθός -ή -όν good.
3123 (85x) μᾶλλον more.
3186 (1x) μειζότερος still greater. A further comparative of μείζων greater, bigger.
3187 (45x) μείζων greater, bigger. Comparative of μέγας, μεγάλη, μέγα great, loud, big.
4119 (56x) πλείων more. Comparative of πολύς, πολλή, πολύ much, many.
4680 (22x) σοφώτερος -α -ον wiser. Comparative of σοφός -ή -όν wise.
4708 (1x) σπουδαιοτέρως more diligently, more earnestly. Comparative of σπουδαίως diligently, earnestly, Philippians 2:28.
5501 (13x) κείρων worse. Comparative of κακός -ή -όν evil, bad.

SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES

1
From 40 (1x) ἁγιωτάτῃ most holy. Jude 1:20.
1646 (x) ἐλάχιστος -η -ον smallest, most small.
5093 (3x) τιμιώτατος -α -ον most precious, most costly.

INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVES

1
4217 (7x) ποταπός what manner? what kind of? what sort of?

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