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רוּחַ (Htr. ruach) meaning 'Spirit' Strong's 7307

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Introduction 1.1

This is a thorough bible study about the meaning of the Hebrew word רוּחַ, 'ruach' (Strong's 3707) translated Spirit. It gives every verse where the word 'ruach' appears in the Old Testament. To obtain a true understanding of this word these scriptures need to be meditated on and notes made of their meaning in different contexts. This requires putting scriptures together where they seem to have a similar meaning, and then meditating even more. The truth will be revealed by the Holy Spirit, who has been given to guide us into all truth (John 16:13). Wherever this word ruach appears in the Hebrew, the translation of it is highlighted with bold and yellow. In Hebrew the suffixes and some prepositions are added to the basic word to enhance the meaning, and where this has been done the meaning of the suffix or preposition has been included in highlighted text. Every blessing be to those who seek the truth of God's word.

#1.1 Scriptures for רוּח (Htr. ruach) meaning 'Spirit' Strong's 7307

Genesis 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
3:8 And they heard the voice of Yahweh God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Yahweh God amongst the trees of the garden.
6:3 And Yahweh said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be a hundred and twenty years.
6:17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die.
7:15 And they went in to Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, in which is the breath of life.
7:22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of life (Lit. the breath of the spirit of life), of all that were in the dry land, died.
8:1 And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters subsided;
26:35 Which were a grief of mind to Isaac and to Rebekah.
41:8 And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all its wise men: and Pharaoh told them his dream; but there was none who could interpret them to Pharaoh.
41:38 And Pharaoh said to his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is?
45:27 And they told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said to them: and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived:

Exodus 6:9 And Moses spoke so to the children of Israel: but they refused to hear Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.
10:13 And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and Yahweh brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.
10:19 And Yahweh turned a mighty strong west wind, which took away the locusts, and cast them into the Red sea; there remained not one locust in all the coasts of Egypt.
14:21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and Yahweh caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.
15:8 And with the blast of your nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as a heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.
15:10 You blew with your wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.
28:3 And you shall speak to all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron's garments to consecrate him, that he may minister to me in the priest's office.
31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
35:21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought Yahweh's offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments.
35:31 And he has filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship;

Numbers 5:14 And the spirit of jealousy comes upon him, and he is jealous of his wife, and she is defiled: or if the spirit of jealousy come upon him, and he is jealous of his wife, and she is not defiled:
5:30 Or when the spirit of jealousy comes upon him, and he is jealous over his wife, and shall set the woman before Yahweh, and the priest shall execute upon her all this law.
11:17 And I will come down and talk with you there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon you, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with you, that you do not bear it yourself alone.
11:25 And Yahweh came down in a cloud, and spoke to him, and took of the spirit that was upon him, and gave it to the seventy elders: and it came to pass, that, when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied, and did not cease.
11:26 But there remained two of the men in the camp, the name of the one was Eldad, and the name of the other Medad: and the spirit rested upon them; and they were of those who were written, but went not out to the tabernacle: and they prophesied in the camp.
11:29 And Moses said to him, Do you envy for my sake? I would God that all Yahweh's people were prophets, and that Yahweh would put his spirit upon them!
11:31 And there went forth a wind from Yahweh, and brought quails from the sea, and let them fall by the camp, as it were a day's journey on this side, and as it were a day's journey on the other side, round about the camp, and as it were two cubits high upon the face of the earth.
14:24 But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and has followed me fully, him will I bring into the land into which he went; and his seed shall possess it.
16:22 And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and will you be wroth with all the congregation?
24:2 And Balaam lifted up his eyes, and he saw Israel abiding in his tents according to their tribes; and the spirit of God came upon him.
27:16 Let Yahweh, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,
27:18 And Yahweh said to Moses, Take Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay your hand upon him;

Deuteronomy 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for Yahweh your God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into your hand, as it appears this day.
34:9 And Joshua the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom; for Moses had laid his hands upon him: and the children of Israel listened to him, and did as Yahweh commanded Moses.

Joshua 2:11 And as soon as we had heard these things, our hearts melted, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for Yahweh your God, he is God in heaven above, and in earth beneath.
5:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, who were on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, who were by the sea, heard that Yahweh had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we had passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel.

Judges 3:10 And the Spirit of Yahweh came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and Yahweh delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.
6:34 But the Spirit of Yahweh came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet; and Abiezer was gathered after him.
8:3 God has delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then their anger was abated towards him, when he had said that.
9:23 Then God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem; and the men of Shechem dealt treacherously with Abimelech:
11:29 Then the Spirit of Yahweh came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over to the children of Ammon.
13:25 And the Spirit of Yahweh began to move him at times in the camp of Daniel between Zorah and Eshtaol.
14:6 And the Spirit of Yahweh came mightily upon him, and he tore him as he would have torn a kid, and he had nothing in his hand: but he did not tell his father or his mother what he had done.
14:19 And the Spirit of Yahweh came upon him, and he went down to Ashkelon, and slew thirty men of them, and took their goods, and gave change of garments to them which expounded the riddle. And his anger was kindled, and he went up to his father's house.
15:14 And when he came to Lehi, the Philistines shouted against him: and the Spirit of Yahweh came mightily upon him, and the cords that were upon his arms became as flax that was burnt with fire, and his bands loosed from off his hands.
15:19 But God broke open a hollow place that was in the jaw, and water came out of it; and when he had drunk, his spirit came again, and he revived: therefore he called the name of it Enhakkore, which is in Lehi to this day.

1 Samuel 1:15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before Yahweh.
10:6 And the Spirit of Yahweh will come upon you, and you shall prophesy with them, and shall be turned into another man.
10:10 And when they came there to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them.
11:6 And the Spirit of God came upon Saul when he heard those tidings, and his anger was kindled greatly.
16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of Yahweh came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.
16:14 But the Spirit of Yahweh departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from Yahweh troubled him.
16:15 And Saul's servants said to him, Behold now, an evil spirit from God troubles you.
16:16 Let our lord now command your servants, who are before you, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on a harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from God is upon you, that he shall play with his hand, and you shall be well.
23 And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took a harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.
18:10 And it came to pass the next day, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul's hand.
19:9 And the evil spirit from Yahweh was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.
19:20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.
19:23 And he went there to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah.
30:12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.

2 Samuel 22:11 And he rode upon a cherub, and flew: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind.
22:16 And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of Yahweh, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.
23:2 The Spirit of Yahweh spoke by me, and his word was in my tongue.

1 Kings 10:4 And when the queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon's wisdom, and the house that he had built,
10:5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up to the house of Yahweh; there was no more spirit in her.
18:12 And it shall come to pass, as soon as I am gone from you, that the Spirit of Yahweh shall carry you where I do not know; and so when I come and tell Ahab, and he cannot find you, he shall slay me: but I your servant fear Yahweh from my youth.
18:45 And it came to pass in the mean while, that the heaven was black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. And Ahab rode, and went to Jezreel.
19:11 And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before Yahweh. And, behold, Yahweh passed by, and a great and strong wind tore the mountains, and broke in pieces the rocks before Yahweh; but Yahweh was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but Yahweh was not in the earthquake:
21:5 But Jezebel his wife came to him, and said to him, Why is your spirit so sad, that you eat no bread?
22:21 And there came forth a spirit, and stood before Yahweh, and said, I will persuade him.
22:22 And Yahweh said to him, How? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, You shall persuade him, and prevail also: go forth, and do so.
22:23 Now therefore, behold, Yahweh has put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these your prophets, and Yahweh has spoken evil concerning you.
22:24 But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of Yahweh from me to speak to you?

2 Kings 2:9 And it came to pass, when they had gone over, that Elijah said to Elisha, Ask what I shall do for you, before I am taken away from you. And Elisha said, I pray you, let a double portion of your spirit be upon me.
2:15 And when the sons of the prophets who were to view at Jericho saw him, they said, The spirit of Elijah rests on Elisha. And they came to meet him, and bowed themselves to the ground before him.
2:16 And they said to him, Behold now, there are with your servants fifty strong men; let them go, we pray you, and seek your master: lest peradventure the Spirit of Yahweh has taken him up, and cast him upon some mountain, or into some valley. And he said, You shall not send.
3:17 For thus says Yahweh, You shall not see wind, neither shall you see rain; yet that valley shall be filled with water, that you may drink, both you, and your cattle, and your beasts.
19:7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and shall return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.

1 Chronicles 5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them to Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, to this day.
9:24 In four quarters (Lit. winds) were the porters, toward the east, west, north, and south.
9:25 And their brethren, which were in their villages, were to come after seven days from time to time with them.
12:18 Then the spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, We are yours, David, and on your side, you son of Jesse: peace, peace be to you, and peace be to your helpers; for your God helps you. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.
28:12 And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of Yahweh, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things:

2 Chronicles 9:3 And when the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built,
9:4 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel; his cupbearers also, and their apparel; and his ascent by which he went up into the house of Yahweh; there was no more spirit in her.
15:1 And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded:
18:20 Then there came out a spirit, and stood before Yahweh, and said, I will entice him. And Yahweh said to him, How?
18:21 And he said, I will go out, and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And Yahweh said, You shall entice him, and you shall also prevail: go out, and do even so.
18:22 Now therefore, behold, Yahweh has put a lyingspirit in the mouth of these your prophets, and Yahweh has spoken evil against you.
18:23 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and smote Micaiah upon the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of Yahweh from me to speak to you?
20:14 Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of Yahweh in the midst of the congregation;
21:16 Moreover Yahweh stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines, and of the Arabians, that were near the Ethiopians:
24:20 And the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, which stood above the people, and said to them, Thus says God, Why do you transgress the commandments of Yahweh, that you cannot prosper? because you have forsaken Yahweh, he has also forsaken you.
36:22 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of Yahweh spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, Yahweh stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,

Ezra 1:1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of Yahweh by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, Yahweh stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,
1:5 Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all them whose spirit God had raised, to go up to build the house of Yahweh which is in Jerusalem.

Nehemiah 9:20 You gave also your good spirit to instruct them, and withheld not your manna from their mouth, and gave them water for their thirst.
9:30 Yet many years did you forbear them, and testified against them by your spirit in your prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore you gave them into the hand of the people of the lands.

Job 1:19 And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell you.
4:9 By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils are they consumed.
4:15 Then a spirit passed before my face; the hair of my flesh stood up:
6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison of which drinks up my spirit: the terrors of God set themselves in array against me.
6:26 Do you imagine to reprove words, and the speeches of one that is desperate, which are as wind?
7:7 O remember that my life is wind: my eye shall no more see good.
7:11 Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
8:2 How long will you speak these things? and how long shall the words of your mouth be like a strong wind?
9:18 He will not suffer me to take my breath, but fills me with bitterness.
10:12 You have granted me life and favour, and your visitation has preserved my spirit.
12:10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.
15:2 Should a wise man utter vain knowledge (Lit knowledge of wind), and fill his belly with the east wind?
15:13 That you turn your spirit against God, and let such words go out of your mouth?
Job 15:30 He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away.
16:3 Shall vain words (Lit words of wind) have an end? or what emboldens you that you answer?
17:1 My breath is corrupt, my days are extinct, the graves are ready for me.
19:17 My breath is strange to my wife, though I entreated for the children's sake of my own body.
20:3 I have heard the check of my reproach, and the spirit of my understanding causes me to answer.
21:4 As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled?
21:18 They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carries away.
26:13 By his spirit he has garnished the heavens; his hand has formed the crooked serpent.
27:3 All the while my breath is in me, and the spirit of God is in my nostrils;
28:25 To make the weight for the winds; and he weighs the waters by measure.
30:15 Terrors are turned upon me: they pursue my soul as the wind: and my welfare passes away as a cloud.
30:22 You lift me up to the wind; you cause me to ride upon it, and dissolve my substance.
32:8 But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty gives them understanding.
3218 For I am full of matter, the spirit within me constrains me.
33:4 The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty has given me life.
34:14 If he set his heart upon man, if he gather to himself his spirit and his breath;
37:21 And now men see not the bright light which is in the clouds: but the wind passes, and cleanses them.
41:15 His scales are his pride, shut up together as with a close seal.
41:16 One is so near to another, that no air can come between them.

Psalm 1:4 The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind drives away.
11:6 Upon the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible tempest: this shall be the portion of their cup.
18:10 (11) And he rode upon a cherub, and flew: yes, he flew upon the wings of the wind.
18:15 (16) Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at your rebuke, O Yahweh, at the blast of the breath of your nostrils.
18:42 (43) Then I beat them small as the dust before the wind: I cast them out as the dirt in the streets.
31:5 Into your hand I commit my spirit: you have redeemed me, O Yahweh God of truth.
32:2 Blessed is the man to whom Yahweh imputes not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no deceit.
33:6 By the word of Yahweh were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.
34:18 (19) Yahweh is near to those who are of a broken heart; and saves such as be of a contrite spirit.
35:5 Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of Yahweh chase them.
47:7 (8) You break the ships of Tarshish with an east wind.
51:10 (12) Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
51:11 (13) Do not cast away from your presence; and do not take your holy spirit from me.
51:12 (14) Restore to me the joy of your salvation; and uphold me with your free spirit.
51:17 (19) The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
Psalm 55:8 (9) I would hasten my escape from the windy storm (Lit. wind of storm) and tempest.
76:12 (13) He shall cut off the spirit of princes: he is terrible to the kings of the earth.
77:3 (4) I remembered God, and was troubled: I complained, and my spirit was overwhelmed. Selah.
77:6 (7) I call to remembrance my song in the night: I commune with my own heart: and my spirit made diligent search.
78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that has not set their heart right, and whose spirit was not steadfast with God.
78:39 For he remembered that they were but flesh; a wind that passes away, and comes not again.
83:13 (14) O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind.
103:16 For the wind passes over it, and it is gone; and the place of it shall know it no more.
104:3 Who lays the beams of his chambers in the waters: who makes the clouds his chariot: who walks upon the wings of the wind:
104:4 Who makes his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:
104:29 You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.
104:30 You send forth your spirit, they are created: and you renew the face of the earth.
106:33 Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spoke unadvisedly with his lips.
107:25 For he commands, and raises the stormy wind, which lifts up its waves.
135:7 He causes the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he makes lightning for the rain; he brings the wind out of his treasuries.
135:17 They have ears, but they do not hear; neither is there any breath in their mouths.
139:7 Where shall I go from your spirit? or where shall I flee from your presence?
142:3 (4) When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then you knew my path. In the way in which I walked have they secretly laid a snare for me.
143:4 Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate.
143:7 Hear me speedily, O Yahweh: my spirit fails: do not hide your face from me, lest I be like to those who go down into the pit.
143:10 Teach me to do your will; for you are my God: your spirit is good; lead me into the land of uprightness.
146:4 His breath goes forth, he returns to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.
147:18 He sends out his word, and melts them: he causes his wind to blow, and the waters flow.
148:8 Fire, and hail; snow, and vapour; stormy wind fulfilling his word:

Proverbs 1:23 Turn at my reproof: behold, I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words to you.
11:13 A talebearer reveals secrets: but he who is of a faithful spirit conceals the matter.
11:29 He who troubles his own house shall inherit the wind: and the fool shall be servant to the wise of heart.
14:29 He who is slow to wrath is of great understanding: but he who is hasty of spirit exalts folly.
15:4 A wholesome tongue is a tree of life: but perverseness in it is a breach in the spirit.
15:13 A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.
16:2 All the ways of a man are clean in his own eyes; but Yahweh weighs the spirits.
16:18 Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall.
16:19 Better it is to be of a humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the plunder with the proud.
16:32 He who is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and he who rules his spirit than he who takes a city.
17:22 A merry heart does good like a medicine: but a broken spirit dries the bones.
17:27 He who has knowledge spares his words: and a man of understanding is of an excellent spirit.
18:14 The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?
25:14 Whoever boasts himself of a false gift is like clouds and wind without rain.
25:23 The north wind drives away rain: so does an angry countenance a backbiting tongue.
25:28 He who has no rule over his own spirit is like a city that is broken down, and without walls.
27:16 Whoever hides her hides the wind, and the ointment of his right hand, which betrays itself.
29:11 A fool utters all his mind: but a wise man keeps it in till afterwards.
29:23 A man's pride shall bring him low: but honour shall uphold the humble in spirit.
30:4 Who has ascended up into heaven, or descended? who has gathered the wind in his fists? who has bound the waters in a garment? who has established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son's name, if you can tell?

Ecclesiastes 1:6 The wind goes toward the south, and turns about to the north; it whirls about continually, and the wind returns again according to his circuits.
1:14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
1:17 And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.
2:11 Then I looked on all the works that my hands had done, and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, behold, all was vanity and vexation of spirit, and there was no profit under the sun.
2:17 Therefore I hated life; because the work that is done under the sun is grievous to me: for all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
2:26 For God gives to a man that is good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he gives travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to him who is good before God. This also is vanity and vexation of spirit.
3:19 For that which befalls the sons of men befalls beasts; even one thing befalls them: as the one dies, so the other dies; yes, they all have one breath; so that a man has no pre-eminence above a beast: for all is vanity.
3:20 All go to one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.
3:21 Who knows the spirit of man that goes upward, and the spirit of the beast that goes downward to the earth?
Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
4:6 Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit.
4:16 There is no end of all the people, even of all that have been before them: they also that come after shall not rejoice in him. Surely this also is vanity and vexation of spirit.
5:16 (15) And this also is a sore evil, that in all points as he came, so shall he go: and what profit has he who has laboured for the wind?
6:9 Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
7:8 Better is the end of a thing than the beginning of it: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.
7:9 Do not be hasty in your spirit to be angry: for anger rests in the bosom of fools.
8:8 There is no man that has power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither has he power in the day of death: and there is no discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.
10:4 If the spirit of the ruler rise up against you, do not leave your place; for yielding pacifies great offences.
11:4 He who observes the wind shall not sow; and he who regards the clouds shall not reap.
11:5 As you do not know what is the way of the spirit, nor how the bones grow in the womb of her who is with child: even so you do not know the works of God who makes all.
12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return to God who gave it.

Isaiah 4:4 When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from its midst by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.
7:2 And it was told the house of David, saying, Syria is confederate with Ephraim. And his heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the wood are moved with the wind.
11:2 And the spirit of Yahweh shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of Yahweh;
11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
15 And Yahweh shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dry shod.
17:13 The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
19:3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in its midst; and I will destroy its counsel: and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers, and to those who have familiar spirits, and to the wizards.
19:14 Yahweh has mingled a perverse spirit in its midst: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work of it, as a drunken man staggers in his vomit.
25:4 For you have been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones is as a storm against the wall.
26:9 With my soul have I desired you in the night; yes, with my spirit within me will I seek you early: for when your judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.
26:18 We have been with child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought forth wind; we have not worked any deliverance in the earth; neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen.
Isaiah 27:8 In measure, when it shoots forth, you will debate with it: he stays his rough wind in the day of the east wind.
28:6 And for a spirit of judgment to him who sits in judgment, and for strength to those who turn the battle to the gate.
29:10 For Yahweh has poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and has closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers has he covered.
29:24 They also who erred in spirit shall come to understanding, and those who murmured shall learn doctrine.
30:1 Woe to the rebellious children, says Yahweh, who take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:
30:28 And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err.
31:3 Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When Yahweh shall stretch out his hand, both he who helps shall fall, and he who is helped shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.
32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
32:15 Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest.
33:11 You shall conceive chaff, you shall bring forth stubble: your breath, as fire, shall devour you.
34:16 Seek out of the book of Yahweh, and read: no one of these shall fail, none shall want her mate: for my mouth it has commanded, and his spirit it has gathered them.
37:7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.
38:16 O Lord, by these things men live, and in all these things is the life of my spirit: so will you revive me, and make me to live.
40:7 The grass withers, the flower fades: because the spirit of Yahweh blows upon it: surely the people are grass.
41:16 You shall fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and you shall rejoice in Yahweh, and shall glory in the Holy One of Israel.
41:29 Behold, they are all vanity; their works are nothing: their melted images are wind and confusion.
42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; my elect, in whom my soul delights; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
42:5 Thus says God Yahweh, he who created the heavens, and stretched them out; he who spread forth the earth, and that which comes out of it; he who gives breath to the people upon it, and spirit to those who walk in it:
Isaiah 44:3 For I will pour water upon him who is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon your seed, and my blessing upon your offspring:
48:16 Come near to me, hear this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord Yahweh, and his Spirit, has sent me.
54:6 For Yahweh has called you as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a wife of youth, when you were refused, says your God.
57:13 When you cry, let your companies deliver you; but the wind shall carry them all away; vanity shall take them: but he who puts his trust in me shall possess the land, and shall inherit my holy mountain;
57:15 For thus says the high and lofty One who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also who is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always angry: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.
59:19 So shall they fear the name of Yahweh from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of Yahweh shall lift up a standard against him.
59:21 As for me, this is my covenant with them, says Yahweh; My spirit that is upon you, and my words which I have put in your mouth, shall not depart out of your mouth, nor out of the mouth of your seed, nor out of the mouth of your seed's seed, says Yahweh, from now on and for ever.
61:1 The Spirit of the Lord Yahweh is upon me; because Yahweh has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek; he has sent me to bind up the broken hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound;
61:3 To appoint to those who mourn in Zion, to give to them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of Yahweh, that he might be glorified.
63:10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.
63:11 Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying, Where is he who brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where is he who put his holy Spirit within him?
63:14 As a beast goes down into the valley, the Spirit of Yahweh caused him to rest: so did you lead your people, to make yourself a glorious name.
64:6 (5) But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousness is as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
65:14 Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but you shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit.
66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, says Yahweh: but to this man will I look, even to him who is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembles at my word.

Jeremiah 2:24 A wild ass used to the wilderness, that snuffs up the wind at her pleasure; in her occasion who can turn her away? all those who seek her will not weary themselves; in her month they shall find her.
4:11 At that time shall it be said to this people and to Jerusalem, A dry wind of the high places in the wilderness toward the daughter of my people, not to fan, nor to cleanse,
4:12 Even a full wind from those places shall come to me: now also will I give sentence against them.
5:13 And the prophets shall become wind, and the word is not in them: thus shall it be done to them.
10:13 When he utters his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens, and he causes the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he makes lightning with rain, and brings forth the wind out of his treasures.
14 Every man is brutish in his knowledge: every founder is confounded by the carved image: for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them.
13:24 Therefore will I scatter them as the stubble that passes away by the wind of the wilderness.
14:6 And the wild asses did stand in the high places, they snuffed up the wind like dragons; their eyes did fail, because there was no grass.
18:17 I will scatter them as with an east wind before the enemy; I will show them the back, and not the face, in the day of their calamity.
22:22 The wind shall eat up all your pastors, and your lovers shall go into captivity: surely then shall you be ashamed and confounded for all your wickedness.
49:32 And their camels shall be a booty, and the multitude of their cattle a plunder: and I will scatter into all winds those who are in the utmost corners; and I will bring their calamity from all its sides, says Yahweh.
49:36 And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds; and there shall be no nation where the outcasts of Elam shall not come.
51:1 Thus says Yahweh; Behold, I will raise up against Babylon, and against those who dwell in the midst of those who rise up against me, a destroying wind;
51:11 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: Yahweh has raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device is against Babylon, to destroy it; because it is the vengeance of Yahweh, the vengeance of his temple.
51:16 When he utters his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens; and he causes the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth: he makes lightning with rain, and brings forth the wind out of his treasures.
51:17 Every man is brutish by his knowledge; every founder is confounded by the carved image: for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them.
52:23 And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about.

Lamentations 4:20 The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of Yahweh, was taken in their pits, of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall live among the heathen.

Ezekiel 1:4 And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of its midst as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.
1:12 And they went every one straight forward: where the spirit was to go, they went; and they did not turn when they went.
1:20 Wherever the spirit was to go, they went, there was their spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
1:21 When those went, these went; and when those stood, these stood; and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
2:2 And the spirit entered into me when he spoke to me, and set me upon my feet, that I heard him who spoke to me.
3:12 Then the spirit took me up, and I heard behind me a voice of a great rushing, saying, Blessed be the glory of Yahweh from his place.
3:13 I heard also the noise of the wings of the living creatures that touched one another, and the noise of the wheels over against them, and a noise of a great rushing.
3:14 So the spirit lifted me up, and took me away, and I went in bitterness, in the heat of my spirit; but the hand of Yahweh was strong upon me.
3:24 Then the spirit entered into me, and set me upon my feet, and spoke with me, and said to me, Go, shut yourself within your house.
5:2 You shall burn with fire a third part in the midst of the city, when the days of the siege are fulfilled: and you shall take a third part, and smite about it with a knife: and a third part you shall scatter in the wind; and I will draw out a sword after them.
5:10 Therefore the fathers shall eat the sons in the midst of you, and the sons shall eat their fathers; and I will execute judgments in you, and the whole remnant of you will I scatter into all the winds.
5:12 A third part of you shall die with the pestilence, and with famine shall they be consumed in the midst of you: and a third part shall fall by the sword round about you; and I will scatter a third part into all the winds, and I will draw out a sword after them.
8:3 And he put forth the form of an hand, and took me by a lock of my head; and the spirit lifted me up between the earth and the heaven, and brought me in the visions of God to Jerusalem, to the door of the inner gate that looks toward the north; where was the seat of the image of jealousy, which provokes to jealousy.
8:17 When they stood, these stood; and when they were lifted up, these lifted up themselves also: for the spirit of the living creature was in them.
11:1 Moreover the spirit lifted me up, and brought me to the east gate of Yahweh's house, which looks eastward: and behold at the door of the gate five and twenty men; among whom I saw Jaazaniah the son of Azur, and Pelatiah the son of Benaiah, princes of the people.
11:5 And the Spirit of Yahweh fell upon me, and said to me, Speak; Thus says Yahweh; Thus have you said, O house of Israel: for I know the things that come into your mind, every one of them.
11:19 And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh:
11:24 And a spirit took me up, and brought me in a vision by the Spirit of God into Chaldea, to them of the captivity. So the vision that I had seen went up from me.
12:14 And I will scatter toward every wind all that are about him to help him, and all his bands; and I will draw out the sword after them.
13:3 Thus says the Lord Yahweh; Woe to the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing!
13:11 Say to them which daub it with lime, that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and you, O great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy wind shall rend it.
13:13 Therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh; I will even rend it with a stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overflowing shower in my anger, and great hailstones in my fury to consume it.
Ezekiel 17:10 Yes, behold, being planted, shall it prosper? shall it not utterly wither, when the east wind touches it? it shall wither in the furrows where it grew.
17:21 And all his fugitives with all his bands shall fall by the sword, and those who remain shall be scattered toward all winds: and you shall know that I Yahweh have spoken it.
18:31 Cast away from you all your transgressions, by which you have transgressed; and make yourselves a new heart and a new spirit: for why will you die, O house of Israel?
19:12 But she was plucked up in fury, she was cast down to the ground, and the east wind dried up her fruit: her strong rods were broken and withered; the fire consumed them.
20:32 And that which comes into your mind shall not be at all, that you say, We will be as the heathen, as the families of the countries, to serve wood and stone.
21:7 And it shall be, when they say to you, Why do you sigh? that you shall answer, For the tidings; because it comes: and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak as water: behold, it comes, and shall be brought to pass, says the Lord Yahweh.
27:26 Thy rowers have brought you into great waters: the east wind has broken you in the midst of the seas.
36:26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
36:27 And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and you shall keep my judgments, and do them.
37:1 The hand of Yahweh was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of Yahweh, and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones,
37:5 Thus says the Lord Yahweh to these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and you shall live:
37:6 And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and you shall live; and you shall know that I am Yahweh.
37:7 So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone.
37:8 And when I beheld, lo, the sinews and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above: but there was no breath in them.
37:9 Then he said to me, Prophesy to the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus says the Lord Yahweh; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.
37:10 So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.
37:14 And shall put my spirit in you, and you shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall you know that I Yahweh have spoken it, and performed it, says Yahweh.
39:29 Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel, says the Lord Yahweh.
42:16 He measured the east side with the measuring reed, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed round about.
42:17 He measured the north side, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed round about.
42:18 He measured the south side, five hundred reeds, with the measuring reed.
42:19 He turned about to the west side, and measured five hundred reeds with the measuring reed.
42:20 He measured it by the four sides: it had a wall round about, five hundred reeds long, and five hundred broad, to make a separation between the sanctuary and the profane place.
43:5 So the spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court; and, behold, the glory of Yahweh filled the house.

Daniel 2:1 And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams, by which his spirit was troubled, and his sleep went from him.
2:2 Then the king commanded to call the magicians, and the astrologers, and the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans, to show the king his dreams. So they came and stood before the king.
2:3 And the king said to them, I have dreamed a dream, and my spirit was troubled to know the dream.
8:8 Therefore the he goat grew very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
11:4 And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.

Hosea 4:12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declares to them: for the spirit of fornication has caused them to err, and they have gone fornicating from under their God.
4:19 The wind has bound her up in her wings, and they shall be ashamed because of their sacrifices.
5:4 They will not frame their doings to turn to their God: for the spirit of fornication is in the midst of them, and they have not known Yahweh.
8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it has no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up.
9:7 The days of visitation are come, the days of recompense are come; Israel shall know it: the prophet is a fool, the spiritual man (Lit. The man of the spirit) is mad, for the multitude of your iniquity, and the great hatred.
12:1 Ephraim feeds on wind, and follows after the east wind: he daily increases lies and desolation; and they make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
13:15 Though he is fruitful among his brethren, an east wind shall come, the wind of Yahweh shall come up from the wilderness, and his spring shall become dry, and his fountain shall be dried up: he shall plunder the treasure of all pleasant vessels.

Joel 2:28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:
2:29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.

Amos 4:13 For, lo, he who forms the mountains, and creates the wind, and declares to man what is his thought, that makes the morning darkness, and treads upon the high places of the earth, Yahweh, The God of hosts, is his name.

Jonah 1:4 But Yahweh sent out a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the ship was about to be broken.
4:8 And it came to pass, when the sun arose, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die, and said, It is better for me to die than to live.

Micah 2:7 O you who are named the house of Jacob, is the spirit of Yahweh straitened? are these his doings? do not my words do good to him who walks uprightly?
2:11 If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, saying, I will prophesy to you of wine and of strong drink; he shall even be the prophet of this people.
3:8 But truly I am full of power by the spirit of Yahweh, and of judgment, and of might, to declare to Jacob his transgression, and to Israel his sin.

Habakkuk 1:11 Then shall his mind change, and he shall pass over, and offend, imputing this his power to his god.
2:19 Woe to him who says to the wood, Awake; to the dumb stone, Arise, it shall teach! Behold, it is laid over with gold and silver, and there is no breath at all in the midst of it.

Haggai 1:14 And Yahweh stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and did work in the house of Yahweh of hosts, their God,
2:5 According to the word that I covenanted with you when you came out of Egypt, so my spirit remains among you: do not fear.

Zechariah 2:6 Ho, ho, come forth, and flee from the land of the north, says Yahweh: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven, says Yahweh.
4:6 Then he answered and spoke to me, saying, This is the word of Yahweh to Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, says Yahweh of hosts.
5:9 Then lifted I up my eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven.
6:5 And the angel answered and said to me, These are the four spirits of the heavens, which go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth.
6:8 Then cried he upon me, and spoke to me, saying, Behold, these that go toward the north country have quieted my spirit in the north country.
7:12 Yes, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which Yahweh of hosts has sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore a great wrath came from Yahweh of hosts.
12:1 The burden of the word of Yahweh for Israel, says Yahweh, who stretches forth the heavens, and lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him.
12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for his only son, and they shall be in bitterness for him, as one who is in bitterness for his firstborn.
13:2 And it shall come to pass in that day, says Yahweh of hosts, that I will cut off the names of the idols out of the land, and they shall no more be remembered: and also I will cause the prophets and the unclean spirit to pass out of the land.

Malachi 2:15 And did not he make one? Yet had he the remainder of the spirit. And why one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.
2:16 For Yahweh, the God of Israel, says that he hates putting away: for one covers violence with his garment, says Yahweh of hosts: therefore take heed to your spirit, that you do not deal treacherously.

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