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#2.1 THE FEASTS OF YAHWEH ARE ALL SABBATHS

This bible study uses a Greek Unicode font and a Hebrew Unicode font and is printable.

Greek Word Study on 4521 σάββατον sabbaton Sabbath.
Hebrew Word Study on 7676 שַׁבָּת shabbat Sabbath.
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Introduction 2.1

Most people know that Jesus died on the day before the Sabbath day, but most do not know that it was not a weekly Sabbath. This bible study is about the feasts of Yahweh, and shows that they are all Sabbaths. The Passover was always a day before a Sabbath, no matter what day of the week it fell on, because it was the day before the first day of the feast of unleavened bread, which was always a Sabbath. This information is crucial to understand the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ properly.

#2.11 The day of atonement

Hebrew - Leviticus 16:29-31 - English
וְהָיְתָה לָכֶם לְחֻקַּת עוֹלָם: בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי בֶּעָשׂוֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ תְּעַנּוּ אֶת-נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם וְכָל-מְלָאכָה לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ הָאֶזְרָח וְהַגֵּר הַגָּר בְּתוֹכְכֶם. 29 And this shall be a statute for ever to you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether one of your own country, or a foreigner who sojourns among you;
כִּי-בַיּוֹם הַזֶּה יְכַפֵּר עֲלֵיכֶם לְטַהֵר אֶתְכֶם: מִכֹּל חַטֹּאתֵיכֶם לִפְנֵי יִַהְוֶה תִּטְהָרוּ. 30 For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before Yahweh.
שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֹן הִיא לָכֶם וְעִנִּיתֶם אֶת-נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם חֻקַּת עוֹלָם. 31 It shall be a Sabbath1 of complete rest2 to you, and you shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.

Hebrew - Leviticus 23:32 - English
שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֹן הוּא לָכֶם וְעִנִּיתֶם אֶת-נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם; בְּתִשְׁעָה לַחֹדֶשׁ בָּעֶרֶב מֵעֶרֶב עַד-עֶרֶב תִּשְׁבְּתוּ שַׁבַּתְּכֶם 32 It shall be to you a Sabbath1 of complete rest2, and you shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even to even, you shall keep your Sabbath1.

Note 1: The word translated sabbath1 (Hb. שַׁבַּת , Htr. shabbat) is the regular word for Sabbath throughout the Old Testament, and is never translated with any other meaning, but the word translated complete rest2 (Hb. שַׁבָּתוֹן , Htr. shabbatôn) is described in various ways by different scholars.

(Wilhelm Gesenuis GESENIUS' HEBREW CHALDEE LEXICON of the OLD TESTAMENT SCRIPTURES by Baker p804)
שַׁבָּתוֹן m. id. but intensively, a great Sabbath, a solemn Sabbath, Ex. 16:23; Lev. 23:24; especially in this connection,
שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֹן Exod. 31:15; 35:2; Lev. 16:31.

(Laird-Harris, Archer and Waltke THEOLOGICAL WORDBOOK of the OLD TESTAMENT Moody Press p903)
shabbaton. Sabbath observance.

In Hebrew it is the word שַׁבַּת (Htr. shabbat) with the intensive ending וֹן (Htr. ôn) which makes it שַׁבָּתוֹן (Htr. shabbatôn), and means a "total Sabbath", or a "complete Sabbath". In most bibles it is translated "rest" where it is used in conjunction with "shabbat", not only for the regular weekly Sabbath (Exodus 16:23; 31:15; 35:2; Leviticus 23:3), but also for the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:31; 23:32), and for the seventh year of rest for the land (Leviticus 25:4). When used by itself, without "shabbat", it is translated "Sabbath" in connection with the feast of trumpets (Leviticus 23:24), and the feast of tabernacles (Leviticus 23:39 twice), where "complete Sabbath" would be better. It is translated simply "rest" in connection with the seventh year of rest for the land (Leviticus 25:5), and here "complete rest" would be better. In the Septuagint the Greek translates the Hebrew שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֹן (Htr. shabbat shabbatôn) with σάββατα σαββάτων (Gtr. sabbata sabbatôn) which literally translates as "sabbath of sabbaths", emphasizing the intensification of the meaning.

Note 2: The Day of Atonement came on the tenth day of the seventh month every year. It began at even on the ninth day, and continued to even on the tenth day (Leviticus 23:32), and it was counted as a special Sabbath. Because it came on the same date every year, it would have to come on a different day of the week every year, so when it did not coincide with a weekly Sabbath, there would be two Sabbaths during that week.

#2.12 The feast of trumpets

LEVITICUS 23:23-25
23 And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
24 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall you have a complete Sabbath2, a memorial of blowing trumpets, a holy convocation.
25 You shall do no servile work in it: but you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh.

Note: The feast of trumpets also occurred on the same date every year, the first day of the seventh month, and it was also a complete Sabbath2 (Htr. shabbatôn See #2.11 Note 1). When it did not coincide with a regular weekly Sabbath, it would fall on a different day of the week each year, and there would be two Sabbaths during that week.

#2.13 The feast of tabernacles

LEVITICUS 23:33-36
33 And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
34 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days to Yahweh.
35 On the first day shall be a holy convocation: you shall do no servile work in it.
36 Seven days shall you make an offering made by fire to Yahweh: on the eighth day shall be a holy convocation to you; and you shall make an offering made by fire to Yahweh: it is a solemn assembly; and you shall do no servile work in it.

LEVITICUS 23:39
39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep a feast to Yahweh seven days: on the first day shall be a complete Sabbath2, and on the eighth day shall be a complete Sabbath2.

Note: The feast of tabernacles also came on the same date every year, the fifteenth day of the seventh month, and it was also a complete sabbath2 (Htr. shabbatôn See #2.11 Note 1). When it did not coincide with the regular weekly Sabbath, it would fall on a different day of the week each year, and there would be two Sabbaths during that week. This bible study shows that the feasts of Yahweh are all Sabbaths.

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