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#4.14 WAS THE SABBATH ONE OF THE NECESSARY THINGS FOR THE GENTILES?

This bible study uses a Greek Unicode font and is printable.

Greek Word Study on 4521 σάββατον sabbaton Sabbath.
Hebrew Word Study on 7676 שַׁבָּת shabbat Sabbath.
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Greek - Acts 15:28-29 - English
ἔδοξεν γὰρ τῷ ἁγίῳ πνεύματι καὶ ἡμῖν μηδὲν πλέον ἐπιτίθεσθαι ὑμῖν βάρος πλὴν τῶν ἐπάναγκες τούτων 28 For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things;
ἀπέχεσθαι εἰδωλοθύτων καὶ αἵματος καὶ πνικτοῦ καὶ πορνείας ἐξ ὧν διατηροῦντες ἑαυτοὺς εὖ πράξετε ἔῤῥωσθε 29 To abstain from things offered to idols, and from blood, and from what is strangled, and from fornication: from which if you keep yourselves, you shall do well. Farewell.

Greek - Acts 21:25 - English
περὶ δὲ τῶν πεπιστευκότων ἐθνῶν ἡμεῖς ἐπεστείλαμεν κρίναντες μηδὲν τοιοῦτον τηρεῖν αὐτοὺς εἰ μὴ φυλάσσεσθαι αὐτοὺς, τό τε εἰδωλόθυτον καὶ τό, αἷμα καὶ πνικτὸν καὶ πορνείαν 25 But concerning the Gentiles who believe, we have written and judged that they observe no such thing, except to keep themselves from things offered to idols, and from blood, and from strangled, and from fornication.

Note: These instructions to Gentiles arose out of a dispute over circumcision. Paul and Barnabas contended with certain Jews, who came from Judea to Antioch, teaching that Gentiles needed to be circumcised to be saved (Acts 15:1-2). When there was no agreement they took the matter to the council at Jerusalem to settle the issue. The argument today is, that the council did not tell the Gentiles to observe the Sabbath day, and therefore they do not need to observe it. Beware when anyone argues solely on the basis of what is not said in the scripture, this almost always leads to false doctrine. They did not tell the Gentiles here to observe any one of the ten commandments. Does that mean that Gentiles can have other Gods before God? Does it mean that they can make carved images, take the name of the Lord in vain, dishonour their father and mother, kill people, commit adultery, steal, lie, and covet? Of course not, and neither does it mean that they can break the Sabbath commandment. The ten commandments were well known to the Gentiles, and were being kept by Gentile Christians in those days, including the Sabbath day (See #1.31), so there was no need to mention these. What they did mention were the things that the Gentiles may not have been sure about, or were not well known to them, but were still necessary. This bible study refutes the teaching that the apostles did not think the Sabbath was was one of the necessary things for the Gentiles.

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