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Related Greek Word Studies
601 || ἀποκαλύπτω || apokalupto || to reveal.
602 || ἀποκάλυψις || apokalupsis || revelation.
2347 || θλῖψις || thlipsis || tribulation.
3952 || παρουσία || parousia || coming.

Introduction 3.2

There are various indications in scripture that point to when the rapture takes place, and one of them is the use of the Greek words that are associated with it. In this study we will examine the use of two Greek words, ἔρχομαι, Gtr. erchomai) and παρουσία, Gtr. parousia), which are both translated 'coming' and can both refer to the Jesus' second coming. This bible study shows that Jesus comes only one more time, and it will be on the last day of this present age,


MATTHEW 24:29-31 (Jesus)
29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken;
30 And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming1 in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
31 And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

MARK 13:24-27 (Jesus)
24 But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light,
25 And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken.
26 Then shall they see the Son of man coming1 in the clouds with great power and glory.
27 And then shall he send his angels, and shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven.

1 CORINTHIANS 15:20-23 (Paul)
20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first-fruits of those who slept.
21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.
22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
23 But every man in his own order: Christ the first-fruits; afterward those who are Christ's at his coming2.

Greek - 1 Thessalonians 4:15-17 - English
τοῦτο γὰρ ὑμῖν λέγομεν ἐν λόγῳ κυρίου ὅτι ἡμεῖς οἱ ζῶντες οἱ περιλειπόμενοι εἰς τὴν παρουσίαν τοῦ κυρίου οὐ μὴ φθάσωμεν τοὺς κοιμηθέντας 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain to the coming2 of the Lord shall not go before those who are asleep.
ὅτι αὐτὸς ὁ κύριος ἐν κελεύσματι ἐν φωνῇ ἀρχαγγέλου καὶ ἐν σάλπιγγι θεοῦ καταβήσεται ἀπ᾽ οὐρανοῦ καὶ οἱ νεκροὶ ἐν χριστῷ ἀναστήσονται πρῶτον 16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first.
ἔπειτα ἡμεῖς οἱ ζῶντες οἱ περιλειπόμενοι ἅμα σὺν αὐτοῖς ἁρπαγησόμεθα ἐν νεφέλαις εἰς ἀπάντησιν τοῦ κυρίου εἰς ἀέρα καὶ οὕτως πάντοτε σὺν κυρίῳ ἐσόμεθα 17 Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: so shall we ever be with the Lord.

Note: Just as Jesus' elect are gathered from the four winds when the wicked see "the Son of man coming1 in the clouds," (Matthew 24:30-31; Mark 13:26-27), so the dead, and those who are alive and remain also rise at "the coming2 of the Lord" (1 Thessalonians 4:15-17). Also "the resurrection of the dead." (1 Corinthians 15:21) will be for "those who are Christ's at his coming2." (1 Corinthians 15:23), and "that Wicked", who is the Beast, shall be destroyed with "the brightness of his coming2:" (2 Thessalonians 2:8). This must be after the tribulation, because it is when "the Beast" is destroyed. (See also Revelation 19:19-20). The word translated coming1 (Gr. ἔρχομαι, Gtr. erchomai) (Matthew 24:30; Mark 13:26) is a verb, and is often used elsewhere of the second coming of Jesus (Matthew 16:27, 16:28; 24:44, 24:48; 25:6, 25:10, 25:13, 25:31; 26:64; Mark 8:38; 14:62; 9:26; Luke 12:40; 18:8; 21:27; John 14:3; Acts 1:11;  1 Corinthians 11:26;  1 Thessalonians 5:2;  2 Thessalonians 1:10; Jude 14; Revelation 1:4, 1:7-8; 3:11; 4:8; 16:15; 22:7, 22:12, 22:20). The word translated coming2 (Gr. παρουσία, Gtr. parousia) (1 Thessalonians 4:15; 1 Corinthians 15:23; 2 Thessalonians 2:8) is a noun, and is also often used elsewhere of the second coming of Jesus (Matthew 24:3, 24:27, 24:37, 24:39;  1 Thessalonians 2:19; 3:13; 5:23;  2 Thessalonians 2:1-4; James 5:7, 5:8;  2 Peter 1:16; 3:4; 3:12;  1 John 2:28). Its use when destroying "the Beast" (2 Thessalonians 2:8) also refutes the erroneous teaching of some, that the "parousia" refers to a pre-tribulation rapture. It is always singular in the New Testament, the word "comings" does not appear at all, showing that these all refer to the same event, and take place at the same time. Those who erroneously teach "one coming, two aspects", or "one coming, two phases", have added to the word of God, because neither the word "aspect", nor the word "phase" appears in the scripture. We are told not to add to God's word (Deuteronomy 4:2; 12:32; Proverbs 30:6), and Jesus has told us what to expect if we do:

(Revelation 22:18) "For I testify to every man who hears the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add to these things, God shall add to him the plagues that are written in this book:"

At the ascension of Jesus, the angel said to the disciples, "this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as you have seen him go into heaven." (Acts 1:11). Did he go in two phases, or two aspects? No? Then he will not return in two phases or aspects either. They are really teaching two comings, and also at least, two resurrections: one at their pre-tribulation rapture, and the other for those killed during the tribulation (Revelation 6:9-11; 7:9-17; 13:7, 15; 15:2-4; 17:6; 20:4). When they try to make it one rapture spread over several years, then they make Jesus out to be a liar when he said:

(John 6:40) "every one who sees the Son, and believes in him, ... I will raise him up at the last day.".

"Every one" includes all saved Jews and Gentiles, "his elect", who are gathered "from the four winds, from the uttermost part of earth to the uttermost part of heaven." (Mark 13:27), "the dead in Christ" (1 Thessalonians 4:16), "we who are alive and remain to the coming of the Lord" (1 Thessalonians 4:15), and "those who are Christ's at his coming." (1 Corinthians 15:23). It is after the tribulation (Matthew 24:29; Mark 13:24), and in agreement with #3.13 Note 1.

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