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νουμηνία 'noumenia' meaning 'new month' Strong's 3561

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Introduction 2.2

This is a thorough word study about the meaning of the Greek word νουμηνία, 'noumenia' meaning 'new month' (Strong's 3561). It gives the only verse where the word 'noumenia' appears in the New Testament, but also adds the places where it was used in the Old Testament Septuagint. Most bibles translate this word as 'new moon', but evidence for that interpretation does not come from the word itself, nor from scripture. I have found no evidence in the bible that they ever looked for a new moon to start a new month. To obtain a true understanding of this word these scriptures usually need to be meditated on and notes made of their meaning in different contexts. This requires putting scriptures together where they seem to have a similar meaning, and then meditating even more. In this case it will be profitable to also consider the Hebrew word for 'new' and 'month'. The truth will be revealed by the Holy Spirit, who has been given to guide us into all truth (John 16:13). Wherever this word noumenia appears in the Greek, the translation of it is highlighted with yellow. In Greek the suffixes and some prepositions are not added to the basic word to enhance the meaning, except for case endings, so the associated suffix or preposition has not been included in highlighted text. Every blessing be to those who seek the truth of God's word.

#2.2 New Testament Scriptures for νουμηνία 'noumenia' meaning 'new month' Strong's 3561

Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of a holyday, or of the new month (Gr. νουμηνία), or of the Sabbath days:

Introduction 2.3

This Greek word for new month 'νουμηνία' has a slightly different spelling of 'νεομηνία' in some places, so these are indicated. There are also four places where the word μήν for month was used instead of νουμηνία (1 Samuel 20:24, 2 Chronicles 8:13, Isaiah 66:23, Amos 8:5) but these are not listed here.

#2.3 Septuagint Scriptures for νουμηνία 'noumenia' meaning 'new month' Strong's 3561

1 Samuel 20:5 And David said to Jonathan, Behold, tomorrow is the new month (Gr. νεομηνία), and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at evening.
20:18 Then Jonathan said to David, Tomorrow is the new month (Gr. νουμηνία): and you shall be missed, because your seat will be empty.

2 Kings 4:23 And he said, Why will you go to him today? It is neither new month (Gr. νεομηνία), nor Sabbath. And she said, It shall be well.

1 Chronicles 23:31 And to offer all burnt sacrifices to Yahweh in the Sabbaths, in the new months (Gr. νεομηνία), and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded to them, continually before Yahweh:

2 Chronicles 2:4 Behold, I build a house to the name of Yahweh my God, to dedicate it to him, and to burn before him sweet incense, and for the continual showbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the Sabbaths, and on the new months (Gr. νουμηνία), and on the solemn feasts of Yahweh our God. This is an ordinance for ever to Israel.
31:3 He appointed also the king's portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the Sabbaths, and for the new months (Gr. νουμηνία), and for the set feasts, as it is written in the law of Yahweh.

Ezra 3:5 And afterward offered the continual burnt offering, both of the new months (Gr. νουμηνία), and of all the set feasts of Yahweh that were consecrated, and of everyone who willingly offered a freewill offering to Yahweh.

Nehemiah 10:33 For the showbread, and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the Sabbaths, of the new months (Gr. νουμηνία), for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make an atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.

Psalm 81:3 Blow up the trumpet in the new month (Gr. νεομηνία), in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.

Isaiah 1:13 Bring no more vain sacrifices; incense is an abomination to me; the new months (Gr. νουμηνία) and Sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot endure evil, even the meeting.
1:14 Your new months (Gr. νουμηνία) and your appointed feasts my soul hates: they are a trouble to me; I am weary to bear them.

Ezekiel 45:17 And it shall be the prince's part to give burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new months (Gr. νουμηνία), and in the Sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the meat offering, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make reconciliation for the house of Israel.
46:1 Thus says Yahweh God; The gate of the inner court that looks toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new month (Gr. νουμηνία) it shall be opened.
46:3 Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before Yahweh in the Sabbaths and in the new months (Gr. νουμηνία).
46:6 And in the day of the new month (Gr. νουμηνία) it shall be a young bullock without blemish, and six lambs, and a ram: they shall be without blemish.

Hosea 2:11 I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new months (Gr. νουμηνία), and her Sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts.

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