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Introduction 5k

This bible study deals with questions that have been asked concerning righteous reckoning and inclusive reckoning, since the study was done. As far as possible we have given biblical answers below.


QUESTION k1: I am a serious bible student and would like to know how you would use righteous reckoning to analyze Exodus 12:18.

Exodus 12:18 "In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at evening you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month, at evening."

Can you please explain it using a chart like the one you used for the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus?

ANSWER k1: First we must understand that this is not really a controversy between righteous reckoning and inclusive reckoning because this is referring to whole days throughout. To answer this question you really need to add more scriptures. We need also to make a distinction between the Passover, which was the fourteenth day of the month, and the first day of the feast of unleavened bread, which was on the fifteenth day of the month and lasted 7 days. These are separate feasts. Look at these references.

Passover (Leviticus 23:5) and the Feast of Unleavened bread (Leviticus 23:6-8).
Passover (Numbers 28:16) and Feast of Unleavened Bread (Numbers 28:17-25).
So it is in the scripture mentioned looking at the broader context.
Passover (Exodus 12:6-14) and Feast of Unleavened Bread (Exodus 12:15-17).

In each of these cases the Passover and the feast of Unleavened bread are described separately. Then it combines the two feasts (Exodus 12:18) to show that Unleavened bread is eaten for a total of eight days, while no leaven found in the houses is only for the seven days of the feast of Unleavened bread (Exodus 12:19-20). Leaven was removed from the Houses on the first day of the feast of unleavened bread (Exodus 12:15). Here is a chart to show it.

Ordinal Days Nisan/Abib14th14th15th15th16th 16th17th17th18th18th19th19th 20th20th21st21st
Days of the feasts1 day12 34567
No Leaven in housesPassoverFeast Unleavened bread - No leaven found in houses 7 days
Unleavened bread eatenUnleavened bread eaten 8 days

REPLY: I am currently working to increasing my understanding of the original languages of the whole Bible. Without going into lots of detail, the Exodus 12:18 verse in English is a little confusing. The phrase translated as “at evening", is not clear at all. From the Hebrew, the precise timing of can be (a) at the start of the 14th day or (b) at the end of the 14th day, but either way, it is part of the 14th day.

ANSWER REPLY: I appreciate you efforts but unless you understand "ba'erev" translated "at even" correctly it is very difficult. I spent a lot of time trying to determine from scripture exactly what evening meant. I concluded for both Old and New Testament that evening applies to a period of time after sunset (Deuteronomy 16:4 KJV, Matthew 26:20) and a period of time before sunset (Jeremiah 6:4, Matthew 27:57) like you do. So then, "at even" on the 14th would be just after sunset, and "at even" on the 21st would be just before sunset on that day.

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